This section will explain why we use styles, and show you how to apply them to your document.
We consulted with DAISY and our own testing and development in creating these guidelines. This documentation is designed to create the most accessible ebook.
We use the
Style Pane to format text, and not direct formatting (i.e. we do not use the tools in the toolbar).
Styles allow readers to change how the formatting is presented.
For example, a reader can change the thickness of a bolded word if it has been marked up with the
If direct formatting is used, readers can't change the content in a way that works for them (e.g. they are unable to load their own style set).
There are few exceptions to this rule. We use direct formatting for:
A style is a set of formatting characteristics applied to content.
Always use styles in the
Style Pane to control formatting, such as font type, size, bold, italics, etc. In this way, non-visible code gets added to the piece of text that says ‘this is a heading’ (or table, list, image, etc.).
Only use the style pane as directed in this wiki to apply styles to ensure the etext is accessible (unless otherwise instructed).
Styles also give a hierarchical structure to a document’s content. With styles applied, assistive technology can, at the command of the user, jump to the desired part of the document (heading, table, list, images, links, etc.).
By applying this type of formatting, people who have low vision may be able to access and read documents as quickly and as efficiently as those who have good vision.
The image below illustrates how readers using assistive technologies can navigate a document using styles, moving between navigational points, lists, images, and tables.
If any of this exists in the document, then it is not properly formatted with styles. You will need to remove these spaces. See Find & Replace for more instructions.
clear formattingbefore applying styles. If the issue persists, then simply select the problem text,
clear formattingagain and reapply the style.
Once you have Word set up properly, and all the formatting cleared, you will be able to begin applying styles to the document as per the guidelines in this wiki.
The first step is to clear all formatting in the document:
Style Paneis open
CTRL+Afor Windows PC
clear formattingbutton located at the top of the
Apply a Stylebox in the
To Apply Styles:
The common styles used are:
Show style guidesto help keep track of the styles applied in the document. This option is at the bottom of the
Style Pane. Once selected it will open a colour coded menu at the left side of the document page. Each colour also has a number, each colour and number correspond to the style you have applied to any given section
When you create a heading in a document, such as a title or a chapter heading, it is not enough to bold the text or increase the font size. A screenreader cannot “see” the bold letters. Always use the Headings Styles from the Style Pane.
Basics of Programming
If the same heading style is applied to both the lines above, there will be two headings of the same level since the section name is broken up into two paragraphs. Manually bring the heading name into one line and then apply the heading style. The correct format will be as follows:
Chapter 1 Basics of Programming
Refer to the table of contents of the book and familiarize yourself with the general layout of the book and the hierarchy of chapters, sections, sub-sections, etc. Determine how you would like to set up the different elements of the book using Heading levels 1-6.
DAISY and EPUB books support heading levels only up to level 6. Most books will have headings only 3 to 4 levels deep. Many books, especially standard fiction works, will only use Heading 1 and no lower levels. This is typical of books that have chapters without sections or subsections.