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public:nnels:etext:bold-italics-underline-strikethrough [2019/06/20 12:38]
rachel.osolen [Bold, italics, underline, and strikethrough]
public:nnels:etext:bold-italics-underline-strikethrough [2021/09/03 13:40] (current)
rachel.osolen [Strikethrough]
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 ===== Bold, italics, underline, and strikethrough ===== ===== Bold, italics, underline, and strikethrough =====
  
-Generally speaking, our practice is to remove all formatting including text that is in bold, italics, underlined, or struck-through. We may consider retaining italics or bold in cases where they are necessary ​to portray meaning. Underlined and struck-through formatting will rarely ​be retained, but may sometimes need to be kept if what they convey is necessary to understanding the text. The most common ​type of text where underline and strikethrough will be retained is in poetry.+These types of formatting can cause accessibility barriers ​to people with print disabilities. We have to be careful when we retain this type of formatting.
  
-If we need to use bold or italics, then we need to use the Styles in the NNELS template, and not direct formatting (via the toolbar). If we need to use strikethrough or underline, this will be one of the rare occasions when we use [[direct-formatting|direct formatting]]+When we do keep Bold or Italics ​we use the Styles in the NNELS template, and not direct formatting (via the toolbar). ​
  
-Where necessary, you can use the below two styles ​in the NNELS Template for italics and bold:+  * ''//​Emphasis style//''​ (italics) - this translates to the <em> tag in XML 
 +  * ''​**Strong style**''​ (bold) - translates to the <​strong>​ tag in XML
  
-  * ''//​Emphasis style// (italics)''​ - this translates to the <em> tag in XML +If we need to use strikethrough or underline, ​this will be one of the rare occasions when we use direct formatting. 
-  * ''​**Strong style** (bold)''​ - translates to the <​strong>​ tag in XML+ 
 + 
 ====Italics==== ====Italics====
  
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 Remove Italics from: Remove Italics from:
   * paragraphs or blocks of text   * paragraphs or blocks of text
 +  * Full sentences and long phrases (unless a thought or dream sequence.)
   * titles (books, movies, etc.)   * titles (books, movies, etc.)
  
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   * they are used to convey important meaning:   * they are used to convey important meaning:
      * In the sentence “I never said she stole my money.” Depending on which one of the seven words you emphasize, the sentence can have seven different meanings!      * In the sentence “I never said she stole my money.” Depending on which one of the seven words you emphasize, the sentence can have seven different meanings!
 +     * Poetry (ask Production Coordinator)
      * Stage Directions      * Stage Directions
      * Thoughts      * Thoughts
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-<​note>​There are some cases where the publisher has used Italics/​Emphasis for a quotation, a note, or a letter. In these cases clear the style and apply Blockquote.</​note>​+<​note>​There are some cases where the publisher has used Italics/​Emphasis for a quotation, a note, or a letter. In these cases clear the style and apply ''​Quote''​[[public:​nnels:​etext:​quotations|See the section on Block Quotations for more information.]]</​note>​
  
  
 ====Bold==== ====Bold====
  
-Remove bold from the text unless it conveys important meaning. ​+Remove bold from the text unless it conveys important meaning, such as poetry
  
-Bold text (or the <​strong>​ tag) should ​only be used to indicate importance, such as when making imperative statements or using signal words like '​warning'​ and '​alert'​.+Bold text (or the <​strong>​ tag) should be used to indicate importance, such as when making imperative statements or using signal words like '​warning'​ and '​alert'​. 
 + 
 +It can also be used for character names in plays. [[public:​nnels:​etext:​plays|See the section on Plays for more information.]]
  
 ====Underline==== ====Underline====
Line 65: Line 71:
  
 ====Strikethrough==== ====Strikethrough====
-If strikethrough text needs to be retained (e.g., in a poem where it conveys important meaning), use direct formatting. ​ +If strikethrough text needs to be retained (e.g., in a poem where it conveys important meaning), use direct formatting.
- +
-Q: I am editing a poem that uses strikethrough in its original format. Can I recreate this format for the daisy version? Or should I highlight these lines and the format change in an inline producer'​s note? +
- +
-A: Good question! In HTML5 we would simply mark the text with a ''<​s>''​ tag; however in DTBook XML they don't have a tag for this. I'd suggest that, for now, we retain the strikethrough in Word (so no producer'​s note) and see how/if it translates to XML. It may use a <​span>​ tag that links the text to a specific CSS style. We may have to manually edit the XML and create our own CSS style but I'm not sure yet…+
  
 +<​note>​Strikethrough is inaccessible to most people with print disabilities,​ so we only leave it in poetry.</​note>​
  
 ---- ----
 WCAG 2.0 - H49: [[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H49.html|Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text]] WCAG 2.0 - H49: [[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H49.html|Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text]]
public/nnels/etext/bold-italics-underline-strikethrough.1561059496.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/06/20 12:38 by rachel.osolen