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public:nnels:etext:bold-italics-underline-strikethrough [2019/06/20 12:43]
rachel.osolen [Italics]
public:nnels:etext:bold-italics-underline-strikethrough [2021/09/03 13:40] (current)
rachel.osolen [Strikethrough]
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 ===== Bold, italics, underline, and strikethrough ===== ===== Bold, italics, underline, and strikethrough =====
  
-Generally speaking, our practice is to remove all formatting including text that is in bold, italics, underlined, or struck-through. We may consider retaining italics or bold in cases where they are necessary ​to portray meaning. Underlined and struck-through formatting will rarely ​be retained, but may sometimes need to be kept if what they convey is necessary to understanding the text. The most common ​type of text where underline and strikethrough will be retained is in poetry.+These types of formatting can cause accessibility barriers ​to people with print disabilities. We have to be careful when we retain this type of formatting.
  
-If we need to use bold or italics, then we need to use the Styles in the NNELS template, and not direct formatting (via the toolbar). ​If we need to use strikethrough or underline, this will be one of the rare occasions when we use [[direct-formatting|direct formatting]].  +When we do keep Bold or Italics ​we use the Styles in the NNELS template, and not direct formatting (via the toolbar). ​
- +
-Where necessary, you can use the below two styles in the NNELS Template for italics and bold:+
  
   * ''//​Emphasis style//''​ (italics) - this translates to the <em> tag in XML   * ''//​Emphasis style//''​ (italics) - this translates to the <em> tag in XML
   * ''​**Strong style**''​ (bold) - translates to the <​strong>​ tag in XML   * ''​**Strong style**''​ (bold) - translates to the <​strong>​ tag in XML
 +
 +If we need to use strikethrough or underline, this will be one of the rare occasions when we use direct formatting.
 +
 + 
 ====Italics==== ====Italics====
  
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 Remove Italics from: Remove Italics from:
   * paragraphs or blocks of text   * paragraphs or blocks of text
 +  * Full sentences and long phrases (unless a thought or dream sequence.)
   * titles (books, movies, etc.)   * titles (books, movies, etc.)
  
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   * they are used to convey important meaning:   * they are used to convey important meaning:
      * In the sentence “I never said she stole my money.” Depending on which one of the seven words you emphasize, the sentence can have seven different meanings!      * In the sentence “I never said she stole my money.” Depending on which one of the seven words you emphasize, the sentence can have seven different meanings!
 +     * Poetry (ask Production Coordinator)
      * Stage Directions      * Stage Directions
      * Thoughts      * Thoughts
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-<​note>​There are some cases where the publisher has used Italics/​Emphasis for a quotation, a note, or a letter. In these cases clear the style and apply ''​Blockquote (DAISY)''​.</​note>​+<​note>​There are some cases where the publisher has used Italics/​Emphasis for a quotation, a note, or a letter. In these cases clear the style and apply ''​Quote''​. ​[[public:​nnels:​etext:​quotations|See the section on Block Quotations for more information.]]</​note>​
  
  
 ====Bold==== ====Bold====
  
-Remove bold from the text unless it conveys important meaning. ​+Remove bold from the text unless it conveys important meaning, such as poetry
  
-Bold text (or the <​strong>​ tag) should ​only be used to indicate importance, such as when making imperative statements or using signal words like '​warning'​ and '​alert'​.+Bold text (or the <​strong>​ tag) should be used to indicate importance, such as when making imperative statements or using signal words like '​warning'​ and '​alert'​. 
 + 
 +It can also be used for character names in plays. [[public:​nnels:​etext:​plays|See the section on Plays for more information.]]
  
 ====Underline==== ====Underline====
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 ====Strikethrough==== ====Strikethrough====
-If strikethrough text needs to be retained (e.g., in a poem where it conveys important meaning), use direct formatting. ​ +If strikethrough text needs to be retained (e.g., in a poem where it conveys important meaning), use direct formatting.
- +
-Q: I am editing a poem that uses strikethrough in its original format. Can I recreate this format for the daisy version? Or should I highlight these lines and the format change in an inline producer'​s note? +
- +
-A: Good question! In HTML5 we would simply mark the text with a ''<​s>''​ tag; however in DTBook XML they don't have a tag for this. I'd suggest that, for now, we retain the strikethrough in Word (so no producer'​s note) and see how/if it translates to XML. It may use a <​span>​ tag that links the text to a specific CSS style. We may have to manually edit the XML and create our own CSS style but I'm not sure yet…+
  
 +<​note>​Strikethrough is inaccessible to most people with print disabilities,​ so we only leave it in poetry.</​note>​
  
 ---- ----
 WCAG 2.0 - H49: [[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H49.html|Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text]] WCAG 2.0 - H49: [[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H49.html|Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text]]
public/nnels/etext/bold-italics-underline-strikethrough.1561059812.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/06/20 12:43 by rachel.osolen