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public:nnels:etext:language [2020/07/23 16:19]
farrah.little [Q&A Archive]
public:nnels:etext:language [2021/05/29 15:42] (current)
rachel.osolen [Marking up Languages]
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 When passing the ticket to the Production Coordinator,​ please make note of what languages you used. When passing the ticket to the Production Coordinator,​ please make note of what languages you used.
  
-<​note>​The extra steps of applying ''​Strong''​ style and including a list of languages used in RT will help identify if they have been applied properly.+<​note>​The extra steps of applying ''​Strong''​ style and including a list of languages used in RT will help identify if they have been applied properly. The ''​Strong''​ style is removed for conversion by the Production Coordinator.
 </​note>​ </​note>​
  
- +If you are working with a Windows computer, you may have to install the editing languages in order to apply them to the text. The following link will take you to a website that breaks down how to do this: [[https://​www.customguide.com/​word/​how-to-change-language-on-word 
 +]]
 =====For entire documents written in another language===== =====For entire documents written in another language=====
  
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 To change the document language on a Mac, you can follow these steps: ​ To change the document language on a Mac, you can follow these steps: ​
-[[https://​support.office.com/en-us/article/Check-spelling-and-grammar-in-a-different-language-in-Office-2016-for-Mac-0554be72-cd0e-49bd-a112-70ae2f0bf093|Change document language on a Mac]]+[[https://​support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/change-the-language-office-uses-in-its-menus-and-proofing-tools-f5c54ff9-a6fa-4348-a43c-760e7ef148f8#:​~:​text=Within%20any%20Office%20application%2C%20select,​then%20select%20Set%20as%20Preferred.]]
  
 On a PC, Word should automatically detect the language of the document: ​ On a PC, Word should automatically detect the language of the document: ​
-[[https://​support.office.com/en-us/article/Check-spelling-and-grammar-in-a-different-language-667ba67a-a202-42fd-8596-edc1fa320e00|Change document language on a PC]]+[[https://​support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/change-the-language-office-uses-in-its-menus-and-proofing-tools-f5c54ff9-a6fa-4348-a43c-760e7ef148f8#​ID0EBBF=Windows]]
  
 =====Indigenous Languages===== =====Indigenous Languages=====
  
-Currently, we are not able to create a Language Style in Word for Indigenous Languages. ​In the future hope we will be able to create Language Styles, but for now we still want to be able to markup ​these languages ​so they are set apart from the surrounding text+Currently, we are not able to apply language mark up to Indigenous Languages ​in Microsoft ​Word.  
 + 
 +There are span tags that have been created by the [[https://​www.iana.org/​assignments/​language-subtag-registry/​language-subtag-registry|IANA]] ​for a few Indigenous Languages. ​These span tags can be added later in the conversion process directly into the XML files for EPUB3 and DAISY text. Unfortunately,​ screen readers do not recognize these tags at the time of reading this. Despite this, we do want to add these tags in so when the technology catches up the language tags are there. 
 + 
 +<​note>​You may notice that there are other languages in the IANA span library that Word does not currently support. We unfortunately do not have the bandwidth at this time to accommodate all languages that are missing. In accordance with the TRC we do want to do our best to recognize all Indigenous Languages and work towards more inclusion of these languages ​in our work.</​note>​ 
 + 
 +This section will explain how to set up the Indigenous Languages in Word to help the Production Coordinator add the span tags during conversion. 
 + 
 +<​note>​Not all Indigenous Languages have span tags, and it is very important you are as specific as possible with identifying the language used in the book in the Producer'​s Note to help the Production Coordinator identify what tag to use.</​note>​
  
 There are two steps for marking Indigenous Languages: There are two steps for marking Indigenous Languages:
-  - Apply Emphasis ​style to the words and phrases ​the same way you would a Language Style.+  - Apply Strong ​style to the words and phrases.
   - Insert a Producer'​s Note at the beginning of the text to inform the reader what Indigenous Languages are in the book, and that Text-To-Speech is unable to pronounce these words.   - Insert a Producer'​s Note at the beginning of the text to inform the reader what Indigenous Languages are in the book, and that Text-To-Speech is unable to pronounce these words.
 +  - Leave a comment in the RT ticket indicating what Indigenous Languages are in the book.
  
-<​note>​It is important you try to include the proper names of the Indigenous Languages in the Producer'​s Note.  Where you can, also include the Tribe name. Sometimes this is clear in the book, and other times you may need to do a bit of research. ​ If you have any questions please contact the Project Coordinator. ​+<​note>​It is important you try to include the proper names of the Indigenous Languages in the Producer'​s Note. Where you can, also include the Tribe name. Sometimes this is clear in the book, and other times you may need to do a bit of research. If you have any questions please contact the Project Coordinator. ​
 </​note>​ </​note>​
  
-=====A note about poetry===== +<WRAP center round box 80%> 
-When you are working on poetry, you will **not** be able to apply a particular ​language ​style to words and phrases. In this case, you can just leave the Word version ​without language markup and use just the Poetry (''​Poem ​(DAISY)''​) ​style. Just make a note in the RT ticket that there are multiple languages.+ 
 +**Example of Indigenous Language Producer'​s Note** 
 + 
 +Producer’s Note (heading 1) 
 + 
 +This book uses words and phrases written in [insert language name]. Text-to-speech software will not be able to pronounce the Indigenous-language words correctly in this Word version(normal ​style
 + 
 +</​WRAP>​ 
  
 =====Working with Images of Words and Different Alphabets===== =====Working with Images of Words and Different Alphabets=====
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 Sometimes the terms or phrases are typed out in line with the rest of the text, but with a language that uses a different alphabet. In this case, if the text appears as typed text, and not an image, then you can simply apply a language style to it as usual. ​ Sometimes the terms or phrases are typed out in line with the rest of the text, but with a language that uses a different alphabet. In this case, if the text appears as typed text, and not an image, then you can simply apply a language style to it as usual. ​
- 
  
 In case you're not sure how to type in different languages, this is how you do it on a Mac [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-keyboard-layouts-in-different-languages-in-Office-for-Mac-687f804e-4421-4a73-94b3-3febb538a7a1|Enable keyboard layouts in different languages in Office for Mac]] and [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-or-change-a-keyboard-layout-language-1c2242c0-fe15-4bc3-99bc-535de6f4f258|Windows]]. In case you're not sure how to type in different languages, this is how you do it on a Mac [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-keyboard-layouts-in-different-languages-in-Office-for-Mac-687f804e-4421-4a73-94b3-3febb538a7a1|Enable keyboard layouts in different languages in Office for Mac]] and [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-or-change-a-keyboard-layout-language-1c2242c0-fe15-4bc3-99bc-535de6f4f258|Windows]].
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 We will need to translate the images into Unicode. We will need to translate the images into Unicode.
 If you're using Mac, enable your "​Unicode Hex Input" keyboard (see Language section in wiki for instructions). To type each symbol/​letter into Word, hold down the ''​alt''​ key and type the 4-digit number, i.e. ''​1400''​. ​ If you're using Mac, enable your "​Unicode Hex Input" keyboard (see Language section in wiki for instructions). To type each symbol/​letter into Word, hold down the ''​alt''​ key and type the 4-digit number, i.e. ''​1400''​. ​
- 
----- 
- 
-**Q: I have a book that deals with hebrew words. ​ Some of the words are typed, and I can create a style for them, but the other words are images of just a letter, or an entire word.  How should I deal with them?  Should I just put in the alt-text this is an image of this hebrew letter/​word?​ Or should I put in a producers note?  I included examples below:** 
-  
-{{:​public:​nnels:​etext:​screen_shot_2017-10-23_at_12.24.58_pm.png?​nolink&​200|}} 
- 
-{{:​public:​nnels:​etext:​screen_shot_2017-10-23_at_12.27.41_pm.png?​nolink&​200|}} 
- 
-{{:​public:​nnels:​etext:​screen_shot_2017-10-23_at_12.28.38_pm.png?​nolink&​200|}} 
- 
-A: Using images instead of text is a very bad publishing practice :( Images of text should all be converted to text in the body of the narrative. We should type out all the text including the Hebrew and Greek text and use a style to tag them as words in the Hebrew or Greek language (as we usually do with foreign language words). 
- 
-In case you're not sure how to type in different languages, this is how you do it on a Mac [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-keyboard-layouts-in-different-languages-in-Office-for-Mac-687f804e-4421-4a73-94b3-3febb538a7a1|Enable keyboard layouts in different languages in Office for Mac]] and [[https://​support.office.com/​en-us/​article/​Enable-or-change-a-keyboard-layout-language-1c2242c0-fe15-4bc3-99bc-535de6f4f258|Windows]]. 
- 
  
 ---- ----
 WCAG 2.0 - H58:​[[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H58.html|Using language attributes to identify changes in the human language]] WCAG 2.0 - H58:​[[https://​www.w3.org/​TR/​WCAG20-TECHS/​H58.html|Using language attributes to identify changes in the human language]]
public/nnels/etext/language.1595546359.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/07/23 16:19 by farrah.little