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public:nnels:etext:symbols [2018/11/21 12:40]
rachel.osolen [Abbreviations]
public:nnels:etext:symbols [2020/07/31 13:05] (current)
rachel.osolen [Abbreviations & Acronyms]
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-=====Symbols & Abbreviations =====+=====Symbols & Abbreviations/​Acronyms ​=====
  
 ====Symbols==== ====Symbols====
  
-Symbols will need to be replaced using Advance ​Symbol in Word. Simply go to the top menu bar in word, select the dropdown menu for Insert and select Advanced Symbol.+Symbols will need to be replaced using Advanced ​Symbol in Word. Simply go to the top menu bar in word, select the dropdown menu for Insert and select Advanced Symbol.
  
 {{:​public:​nnels:​etext:​advanced_symbol_dropdown_menu.png?​nolink&​300|}} {{:​public:​nnels:​etext:​advanced_symbol_dropdown_menu.png?​nolink&​300|}}
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 Then you just have to select the appropriate symbol and click Insert. Then you just have to select the appropriate symbol and click Insert.
  
-For any symbols that aren’t in Word, you will need to insert the symbol using Unicode. First, you will need to set up your keyboard for Unicode input.+====Using Unicode for Symbols==== 
 + 
 +For any symbols that aren’t in Word, you will need to insert the symbol using ''​Unicode''​. First, you will need to set up your keyboard for Unicode input.
  
 [[https://​poynton.ca/​notes/​misc/​mac-unicode-hex-input.html|Mac Instructions]] [[https://​poynton.ca/​notes/​misc/​mac-unicode-hex-input.html|Mac Instructions]]
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 [[https://​unicode-table.com/​en/#​control-character|List of Control Characters for Unicode]] [[https://​unicode-table.com/​en/#​control-character|List of Control Characters for Unicode]]
 +
 +[[https://​graphemica.com|Graphemica]] - Find the unicode for all characters ​
  
 <note tip>You can use the search bar at the top of the control page to search for what symbol you want.</​note>​ <note tip>You can use the search bar at the top of the control page to search for what symbol you want.</​note>​
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 Once your keyboard is set up you can insert the symbol. Once your keyboard is set up you can insert the symbol.
  
-For a Mac press and hold the **Option** key as you enter the appropriate code. For Windows it is the same process but with the **Alt** key.+For a Mac press and hold the ''​Option'' ​key as you enter the appropriate code. For Windows it is the same process but with the ''​Alt'' ​key.
  
 <​note>​Make sure you have the Unicode Hex Input selected on you keyboard for this to work.</​note>​ <​note>​Make sure you have the Unicode Hex Input selected on you keyboard for this to work.</​note>​
- +====Abbreviations ​& Acronyms====
-====Abbreviations====+
  
 We keep abbreviations as they appear in the text. We keep abbreviations as they appear in the text.
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 <note important>​If the book has the abbreviation St. for '​Saint'​ you will need to change it to the full word. The reader will read St. as '​street'​.</​note>​ <note important>​If the book has the abbreviation St. for '​Saint'​ you will need to change it to the full word. The reader will read St. as '​street'​.</​note>​
  
-<​note>​When you are going through your book, be sure to make note of abbreviations which should be pronounced as words (e.g., NATO, AIDS, AWOL, etc.). When you are finished with the book, include this information in the notes when you transfer the ticket back to Farrah via RT. In the XML, instructions regarding pronunciation can be included. (I like to have a separate document on the go called "​Book_Title_Notes"​ for anything that might be important to share with Farrah.) </​note>​ 
  
- +=====Q&​A ​Archive=====
-=====Q&​A=====+
  
 **Q: How should I format '​æ'?​ The book I have uses a lot of older medical terms (e.g. Bullæ , Squamæ,​Papulæ , æther, etc.) **Q: How should I format '​æ'?​ The book I have uses a lot of older medical terms (e.g. Bullæ , Squamæ,​Papulæ , æther, etc.)
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 If the symbols are actually part of the original text then we keep them. If it’s a result of a messed up conversion, we can fix them. Text-to-speech is smart! If the symbols are actually part of the original text then we keep them. If it’s a result of a messed up conversion, we can fix them. Text-to-speech is smart!
  
-**Q: My book discusses the "common soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)"and "RNA interference (RNAi)"​Should these abbreviations remain as Bt and RNAiOr should ​change ​it to BT and RNAI?**+**Q: Should abbreviations like "A.M." and "A.D." retain their periods, or be changed to "​AM" ​and "​AD"​? I am just wondering if the periods would make it sound awkward as a DAISY talking book.** 
  
-Good question! Please ​keep as-is. Abbreviations can be marked as such in the XML, so that they'll be read properly by devices +A: We can keep abbreviations ​as they are writtenTTS will read "​A.M."​ and "​A.D." ​as intended. Alsoone thing to keep in mind is that many people with print impairments read the e-text, so it's best to keep it as true to the original writing ​as possible.
- +
-**Q: Should abbreviations like "​A.M."​ and "​A.D." ​retain their periodsor be changed ​to "​AM"​ and "​AD"?​ I am just wondering if the periods would make it sound awkward ​as a DAISY talking book.** +
  
-A: We can keep abbreviations as they are written. TTS will read "​A.M."​ and "​A.D."​ as intended. Also, one thing to keep in mind is that many people with print impairments read the e-text, so it's best to keep it as true to the original writing as possible. Any abbreviations that need explanation can be marked up in the XML. 
public/nnels/etext/symbols.1542832823.txt.gz · Last modified: 2018/11/21 12:40 by rachel.osolen